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Rasengan [1]
Kanji 螺旋丸
Rōmaji Rasengan
Literal English Spiralling Sphere
Manga Chapter #150
Anime Naruto Episode #86
Movie Naruto the Movie: Ninja Clash in the Land of Snow
Game Naruto: Ultimate Ninja 2
OVA Finally a clash! Jōnin vs. Genin!! Indiscriminate Grand Melee Tournament Meeting!!
Appears in Anime, Manga, Game and Movie
Classification Ninjutsu
Rank A-rank
Class Offensive
Range Short-range
Other jutsu
Parent jutsu
Derived jutsu
Big Ball Rasengan

Related jutsu
Tailed Beast Ball

The Rasengan is an A-rank technique created by the Fourth Hokage, Minato Namikaze, by observing the Tailed Beast Ball. Minato spent three years developing the Rasengan; his intention was to take the shape transformation of one's chakra to the "highest possible point" and combine it with his chakra's nature affinity, creating a technique that did not need the aid of time-consuming hand seals to control. Although Minato died before he could accomplish the latter feat, this was eventually accomplished by his son, Naruto Uzumaki. Even without nature transformation, the Rasengan is still a powerful, versatile, and difficult technique to learn and master.


The Rasengan does not require any hand seals to use, relying only on the chakra control of the user. Once it is complete, it becomes self-sustaining, which does not give the Rasengan a definite limit like its counterpart, the Chidori. The compacted nature and moving speed of the chakra allows the Rasengan to grind into whatever it comes in contact with to inflict major damage. This tends to launch the target spiralling backward after being hit or, if the target is lying on or being launched to the ground, the destructive force is enough to form a crater. It has been noted the Rasengan is superior to the Chidori by its creator, Kakashi Hatake, Minato's sensei, Jiraiya and Sasuke Uchiha after seeing the after effects of the Rasengan on a water tower.[2][3] Because the Rasengan requires a high level of shape transformation, mastering the technique also grants a person mastery of shape transformation, even if the person isn't aware of its concepts.

The Rasengan was created with the intent to be combined with the user's elemental affinities, a task too difficult for Minato to complete before his death. Kakashi, his student, tried to add his Lightning Release chakra to the Rasengan, but was unable to and explained that he used the basic idea to create the Chidori and its more advanced counterpart, the Lightning Cutter, which require a certain point of shape and nature manipulation itself.[4] Naruto was the first to add his Wind Release affinity to his Rasengan to create the Wind Release: Rasengan, which was shortly advanced into the Wind Release: Rasenshuriken.


Rasengan Balloon

Naruto training to burst the water balloon.

In Part I, Jiraiya taught Naruto Uzumaki how to use the Rasengan, breaking the learning process into three steps:

  • The first step was learning how to burst a water balloon by spinning the water inside in multiple directions at once using only the user's chakra, which emphasises rotation.
  • The second step was for the user to burst a rubber ball, and since rubber is thicker, and air is completely different from water, it forces the user to use denser chakra to break it. This step emphasises power.
  • The third and final step was to combine both step one and two by spinning chakra inside a balloon without moving the balloon itself, emphasising stability of the sphere shape.

Although users generally learn how to form the Rasengan with one hand, Naruto and Konohamaru Sarutobi use one or more shadow clones to help in the creation. By having the hands of the shadow clones act as shells, Naruto and Konohamaru can complete and use the technique without using any extra time to master their chakra control.



Naruto's one-handed Rasengan.

While Naruto had invented new ways to use a Rasengan and its variants, he still used shadow clones, and later chakra arms, to create them.[5] By the end of the Fourth Shinobi World War, Naruto had become skilled enough to use the technique unassisted, with his regular Rasengan expanding to the size of a Big Ball Rasengan.[6]

Great Ball Rasengan

Naruto using the Big Ball Rasengan.

During his training with Jiraiya, Naruto improved the Rasengan with the Big Ball Rasengan. An anime exclusive flashback explained that the Big Ball Rasengan's invention resulted from Jiraiya's remark that it would be easier to hit an opponent with a larger Rasengan.[7] Later, Naruto mixed his wind-natured chakra to start developing the Wind Release: Rasengan, as it was originally intended. Naruto took the Rasengan even further than his father by creating the Wind Release: Rasenshuriken, a variant of the Wind Release: Rasengan. While this new technique damaged the opponent's chakra circulatory system, it also inflicted the same type of damage to Naruto's arm, making it a double-edged sword.

Naruto used chakra arms in his Nine-Tails Chakra Mode to create a new Rasengan, the Tailed Beast Rasengan, which is even more similar to the Tailed Beast Ball than the Rasengan originally was. While in this mode, he can use the basic Rasengan with just one hand. It appears that he can now do so in Sage Mode, as well.[8]

After obtaining the power of all nine tailed beasts, Naruto was able to add Shukaku's magnet-nature chakra, as well as his sealing techniques, to the Rasengan; allowing him to create the Sage Art: Magnet Release Rasengan.[9]

Senjutsu Influence

Senjusu rasengan 2

Minato using Sage Technique: Rasengan.

Utilisation of senjutsu chakra has been shown to drastically improve the Rasengan. The most basic of these improvements being the Sage Technique: Rasengan (仙術・螺旋丸, Senjutsu: Rasengan, Literally meaning: Sage Technique: Spiraling Sphere) — a simple Rasengan mixed with the user's senjutsu chakra.[10] During his battle with Pain, Naruto was shown to have created several Rasengan variants which utilised his senjutsu chakra. Naruto also overcame the primary obstacle of his Rasenshuriken when he threw the Rasenshuriken in Sage Mode, preventing any damage done to his own body, and increasing its power, causing disintegration on contact.

Sage Art Big Ball Rasengan

Naruto using Sage Art: Big Ball Rasengan.

Naruto can also wield a Rasengan in both of his hands while in Sage Mode. Sage Art: Big Ball Rasengan uses two Big Ball Rasengan, each the size of his own body, while Sage Technique: Spiralling Serial Spheres uses two regular Rasengan. Jiraiya is suggested to have been capable of doing something similar. When teaching Naruto the Rasengan, he held the Rasengan in one hand and demonstrated the water balloon exercise in his other hand. Both Jiraiya and Naruto can create even larger Rasengan, the Ultra-Big Ball Rasengan and Sage Art: Ultra-Big Ball Rasengan respectively. Naruto can even mass a large group of Ultra-Big Ball Rasengan and launch them at one target as the Sage Art: Many Ultra-Big Ball Spiralling Serial Spheres, which could even stun Kurama.

Nine-Tails Influence

Vermillion Rasengan

Naruto in his one-tailed form, preparing the Rasengan.

Naruto had shown that when he was under the influence of the Nine-Tails' chakra, he could improve his use of the standard Rasengan and simultaneously make up for his shortcomings in performing the technique. The chakra shroud surrounding him in his one-tailed form served as the shell to stabilise the Rasengan's chakra, thus he did not need a clone to help as usual. Due to the influence exhibited by the Nine-Tails' chakra, this Rasengan changed from its yellow or blue colour to a purple, orange, or red colour, made stronger than its standard version.[11][12] Despite the fact that some video games give it its own name, Demon Fox Rasengan (妖狐螺旋丸, Yōko Rasengan, Literally meaning: Demon Fox Spiralling Sphere), Vermilion Rasengan (朱い螺旋丸, Shui Rasengan, Literally meaning: Vermilion Spiralling Sphere), and Nine-Tails Rasengan (九尾螺旋丸, Kyūbi Rasengan, Literally meaning: Nine-Tails Spiralling Sphere), it is fundamentally the same technique.

Rasenrangan Anime 1

Naruto forming the Spiralling Strife Spheres while in Nine-Tails Chakra Mode.

During his training with Killer B, Naruto was informed that the Rasengan follows the same properties as the Tailed Beast Ball, in that it's a technique that compresses chakra into a ball. The main difference between the two is the rotation used to stabilise the Rasengan. Because the Tailed Beast Ball is unusable unless Naruto can completely transform into the Nine-Tails, he must instead learn how to form a Rasengan by mixing a balance of black "positive" and white "negative" chakra at an 8:2 ratio. He can form the Tailed Beast Rasengan, which he completed with the introduction of the Tailed Beast Ball and Super Mini-Tailed Beast Ball into his arsenal. Naruto has also created new variants of the Rasengan with chakra arms while in Nine-Tails Chakra Mode such as the Spiralling Strife Spheres, the Spiralling Absorption Sphere, and the Planetary Rasengan. Using the chakra arms, he is also able to create a miniature version of the Rasenshuriken with just his index finger and two small chakra arms.

Naruto and Minato TBM

Minato using the Rasengan in Tailed Beast Mode.

During the battle with Obito Uchiha, who had become the Ten-Tails' jinchūriki, the reincarnated Minato was able to assume the form of the Nine-Tails, due to having its Yin half sealed within him. He was then able to use the Nine-Tails replica to produce a giant Rasengan, proportionate in size to the replica itself.[13]

When Naruto's Rasengan, enhanced with Yin Kurama's remaining chakra, clashed with Sasuke's Blaze Release: Kagutsuchi-enhanced Chidori, the impact was able to completely destroy Hashirama's and Madara's statues at the Valley of the End, along with half of their dominant arms.[14]



  1. Second Databook, pages 282-283
  2. Chapter 176, pages 10-12
  3. Chapter 314, page 12
  4. Chapter 321, pages 9-10
  5. Chapter 519, page 13
  6. Chapter 642, page 13
  7. Naruto: Shippūden episode 188
  8. Chapter 642, page 13
  9. Chapter 764
  10. Chapter 377
  11. Chapter 232, pages 11-12
  12. Naruto episode 134
  13. Chapter 645, page 10
  14. Chapter 698, page 6
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