The Rinnegan (輪廻眼, Literally meaning: Saṃsāra Eye) is reputed as the most exalted eye amongst the Three Great dōjutsu (三大瞳術, San Daidōjutsu, Literally meaning: Three Great Eye Techniques), the others being the Sharingan and the Byakugan. It is said that in times of disorder, one who wields the Rinnegan is sent down from the heavens to become either a "God of Creation" who will calm the world or a "Destroyer" who will reduce everything to nothingness. The Rinnegan is characterised by a ripple pattern that spreads over the eyeball.
The Rinnegan was first manifested by Hagoromo Ōtsutsuki, derived from the Rinne Sharingan wielded by his mother. It is suggested his Rinnegan was a kekkei mōra,[Notes 1] and with it, he saved the world from the Ten-Tails and created ninshū, the precursor to modern ninjutsu. In the anime, after experiencing the trauma of loss, Hagoromo awakened his Mangekyō Sharingan which almost instantaneously progressed to become Rinnegan. For his contributions to the world, Hagoromo became revered as the Sage of Six Paths, and both he and his eyes rose to mythological status over the centuries that followed; even when the Rinnegan was later proven to exist, it was regarded by some as merely a mutation.
The Rinnegan can be awakened by combining the chakra of Hagoromo's sons, Indra and Asura, in order to reproduce Hagoromo's chakra. Black Zetsu spent centuries attempting to manipulate the reincarnations of Indra and Asura into awakening the Rinnegan. It was not until the time of Madara Uchiha - Indra's reincarnation - that this was successful, when Madara infused himself with the DNA of Hashirama Senju - Asura's reincarnation. However, Madara's Sharingan did not become Rinnegan until decades later, at the end of his natural lifespan; this also seemingly restored the eyesight lost from his use of Izanagi. When Kabuto Yakushi reincarnated Madara, he operated under a similar hypothesis that Sharingan can be evolved into Rinnegan through combination with Hashirama's DNA. To that end he successfully recreated the Rinnegan in Madara's reincarnated body, though these fake eyes did not have full access to the original's abilities.
Sasuke Uchiha's left Sharingan became a Rinnegan when Hagoromo's spirit gave half of his chakra to Sasuke. His Rinnegan contains six tomoe split between its first two ripples and retains all of the abilities of his Mangekyō Sharingan. If Sasuke overuses the power of his Rinnegan, the tomoe will disappear until it has fully recharged, a process which takes a considerable amount of time. During this time, he is unable to use the Rinnegan's full power and apparently cannot even activate the Mangekyō in his other eye.
Momoshiki Ōtsutsuki has Rinnegan in the palms of his hands. Initially, his Rinnegan are red, but they become purple after he absorbs Kinshiki. This also grants him a third Rinnegan on his forehead.
As with any dōjutsu, the Rinnegan can be transplanted into others. Prior to his death, Madara implanted both of his eyes into the young Nagato without the boy's knowledge, and he was able to make effective use of the Rinnegan throughout his life due to his Senju lineage. After Nagato's death, the Rinnegan were taken by Obito Uchiha, who implanted the left eye into himself and hid the other because he could not handle the power of both eyes at once. Madara later reclaimed both of his Rinnegan after he was revived and ultimately died with them.
The Rinnegan grants the wielder a wide range of abilities without any known chakra requirement to keep the eyes active. Certain abilities are only available to the original owner of the dōjutsu, but possession of even a single transplanted Rinnegan can grant overwhelming power. Rinnegan are able to see chakra, as well as its flow within the body and the activated tenketsu of the Eight Gates, but cannot see through obstructions such as smoke bombs. One who possesses the Rinnegan can easily master any jutsu as well as all five nature transformations, create black receivers into which they can transmit their chakra, fully decipher the stone tablet written by Hagoromo, and counter the effects of the Infinite Tsukuyomi.
Possessing the Rinnegan grants the user a family of abilities collectively known as the Six Paths Techniques: control over attractive and repulsive forces with the Deva Path; the ability to mechanise one's body with the Asura Path; soul extraction through the Human Path; the menagerie of summons available to the Animal Path; chakra absorption through the Preta Path; and access to the King of Hell through the Naraka Path. These abilities can be distributed to the Six Paths of Pain — six bodies embedded with black receivers, which the user can control remotely. A seventh ability, the Outer Path, is said to allow the user to preside over life and death, granting the ability to revive the dead. The user is also able to summon and control the Demonic Statue of the Outer Path, as well as manifest chakra chains to bind the tailed beasts. The dōjutsu also grants the user a shared field of vision with the Six Paths of Pain, the King of Hell, and the Animal Path's summons, all of which possess copies of the Rinnegan.
Certain Rinnegan abilities have only been demonstrated by single users: Madara can create corporeal shadows in the invisible world of Limbo, which is only visible to the Rinnegan; Sasuke's Rinnegan allows him to shift spaces within a certain range of himself, and create portals to other dimensions; Momoshiki is able to absorb any ninjutsu with his right Rinnegan and subsequently release it from his left, transform others into chakra-filled edibles, and use a space–time ninjutsu to travel to and from a separate dimension.
- Rinne (輪廻, Literally meaning: Wheel Cycle) is the Japanese term for Samsara, the cycle of reincarnation or rebirth in several Indian religions. This is reflected in the names of the Six Paths Techniques, which share their names with the six Samsaric realms of reincarnation.
- The kanji "Rin" (輪, Literally meaning: Wheel) is also used in Sharingan and Rinne Sharingan, potentially linking the three terms etymologically.
- When it first appeared in the anime, the Rinnegan was depicted as multicoloured. This was corrected after the Rinnegan was depicted in colour in the manga. However, whereas the Rinnegan in the manga is a uniform shade of purple, the anime tends to make the centre-most ring a slightly darker shade of purple.
- In the manga, when Deidara and Sasori brought Gaara to the Akatsuki hideout, Pain was depicted with tomoe in his Rinnegan in one panel. This was corrected in the tankōbon release of volume 29.
- In Naruto: Shippūden episode 203, the Sage of Six Paths' Rinnegan are depicted as red.
- Though usually depicted with six, the manga has portrayed Sasuke's Rinnegan with varying numbers of tomoe on various occasions:
- In its manga début, it appears to contain nine tomoe.
- Twice while visualising Limbo, it contained no tomoe.
- While shielding Team 7 from the Infinite Tsukuyomi, it contained no tomoe.
- While sealing Kaguya Ōtsutsuki, it contained no tomoe. This was corrected in the tankōbon release of volume 71.
- On the back cover of Jin no Sho, it contains three tomoe.
- Prior to Sasuke's Rinnegan appearing in colour illustrations by Masashi Kishimoto, the colourised versions of chapters 676 and 678 included in digital editions of Weekly Shōnen Jump depicted his Rinnegan as red. This was corrected in subsequent chapters and the Naruto: Colour Edition release.
- In the anime, within the Jiraiya Ninja Scrolls novel, the Rinnegan has the ability to see through solid objects.
- In Naruto Shippūden: Ultimate Ninja Storm 4, Sasuke's Rinnegan is erroneously referred to as a Rinne Sharingan.
- ↑ In the fourth databook, Hagoromo is only classified as a kekkei mōra user, suggesting his Rinnegan was no kekkei genkai.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 Third Databook, page 313
- ↑ Naruto chapter 375, page 17
- ↑ Naruto chapter 373, page 2
- ↑ Naruto: Shippūden episode 462
- ↑ Naruto chapter 425, page 9
- ↑ Naruto chapter 462, page 11
- ↑ Naruto chapter 671, page 6
- ↑ Naruto chapter 681, pages 10-15
- ↑ Naruto chapter 681, pages 13-14
- ↑ Naruto chapter 560, pages 14-15
- ↑ Naruto chapter 659, page 7
- ↑ Naruto chapter 673, page 17
- ↑ Naruto chapter 682, page 4
- ↑ Naruto chapter 700+8, pages 17
- ↑ 15.0 15.1 Boruto: Naruto the Movie
- ↑ Naruto chapter 606, pages 13-15
- ↑ Naruto chapter 509, page 4
- ↑ 18.0 18.1 Naruto chapter 675, page 4
- ↑ Naruto chapter 658, page 17
- ↑ Naruto chapter 672, page 1
- ↑ Naruto chapter 433, page 13
- ↑ Naruto chapter 375, page 11
- ↑ Fourth Databook, page 255
- ↑ Naruto chapter 467, page 11
- ↑ Naruto chapter 677, page 14
- ↑ 26.0 26.1 Naruto chapter 449, page 1
- ↑ Naruto chapter 606, pages 12-14
- ↑ Naruto chapter 569, page 10
- ↑ Naruto chapter 551, page 5
- ↑ Naruto chapter 565, page 6
- ↑ Naruto chapter 674, page 6
- ↑ Naruto chapter 685, page 17
- ↑ Naruto chapter 254, page 15
- ↑ Naruto chapter 673, page 17
- ↑ Naruto chapter 674, pages 9, 13
- ↑ Naruto chapter 678, page 2
- ↑ Naruto chapter 689, page 17
- ↑ Naruto: Shippūden episode 435