Nature Transformation (性質変化, Seishitsu Henka; English TV "Change in Chakra Nature") is an advanced form of chakra control. It entails the moulding and defining of one's chakra into an innate kind of chakra nature, altering its properties and characteristics. Nature transformation is one of two necessary techniques for creating a technique, its counterpart being shape transformation. Few shinobi can use both shape manipulation and nature manipulation.
The Five Elemental Chakra Nature Transformations
There are five elemental natures of chakra which can be transformed, called the Five Elements Nature Transformations (五大性質変化, Godai Seishitsu Henka). These five are also called elements and are not only the origin of the names of the Five Great Shinobi Countries, but also the foundation of all elemental ninjutsu. The five elemental nature transformations are all connected to each other in a circle, each being weaker than one and stronger than another.
These elements allow for elemental ninjutsu to be performed, such as:
- Fire (火, Hi) natured chakra allows for Fire Release (火遁, Katon), which is strong against Wind but weak against Water.
- Wind (風, Kaze) natured chakra allows for Wind Release (風遁, Fūton), which is strong against Lightning but weak against Fire.
- Lightning (雷, Kaminari) natured chakra allows for Lightning Release (雷遁, Raiton), which is strong against Earth but weak against Wind.
- Earth (土, Tsuchi) natured chakra allows for Earth Release (土遁, Doton), which is strong against Water but weak against Lightning.
- Water (水, Mizu) natured chakra allows for Water Release (水遁, Suiton), which is strong against Fire but weak against Earth.
Basically, this means that if an elemental technique is put against another elemental technique of the same level, but of a stronger nature, then the technique with the superior nature will prevail. However, a technique with a weaker nature can overpower a technique with a stronger nature if the former is of a higher level, for example a technique that employs only Water Release cannot extinguish a wind-enhanced fire technique, as seen when Kakashi attempted to douse Kakuzu's combined fire and wind release technique with the Water Release: Water Formation Wall to no avail, it was however countered with a combination of water and wind: Typhoon Water Vortex Technique.
For relationships between chakra natures, there is a principle known as counterbalancing (相殺, Sōsai). This principle states that two techniques of the same nature would cancel each other out if the same amount of chakra was put into them. For example, in Kakashi's fight with Kakuzu, he was able to cancel Kakuzu's Lightning Release: False Darkness by deflecting it with his own technique, the Lightning Cutter.
However, if one of the techniques had more chakra put into it, it would overcome the other technique. Not only that, but the stronger technique would absorb the weaker one, and the user of the weaker technique would receive more damage than the original amount, as he will have added to the technique. For example, in Sasuke's fight with Itachi, they both use the Fire Release: Great Fireball Technique against each other, and Sasuke's technique begins to overwhelm Itachi's as he activates his Cursed Seal of Heaven. Itachi would have been hit by both his own technique as well as Sasuke's. Itachi responds to this by using Amaterasu, the highest level Fire Release technique, which absorbs all the fire previously created by the two techniques, growing into a large mass of black flames.
In general, every person has chakra that has an affinity towards one of these nature transformations, a characteristic that seems to be genetic, since whole clans sometimes share the same affinity. Most members of the Uchiha clan, for example, had an affinity towards the Fire nature.
To find out what affinity someone has, pieces of paper made from a special type of tree (that is grown and fed with chakra) are used that react to even the slightest hint of chakra in any of a number of ways, depending on the nature latent in the chakra.
The chakra paper reactions are as follows:
- Fire: the paper will ignite and turn to ash.
- Wind: the paper will split in two.
- Lightning: the paper will wrinkle.
- Earth: the paper will turn to dirt and crumble away.
- Water: the paper will become wet/damp.
This affinity makes it easier to learn how to create and control the nature in question, although even with an affinity this process will usually take any number of years. Shinobi are not limited to the nature they have an affinity to, though. By the time they reach the rank of jōnin, most shinobi have mastered two natures.
Because of the difficulty of mastering a nature and the time required to learn it, it is almost impossible for any one person to master all five natures through natural methods. However, Hiruzen Sarutobi, Hashirama Senju, Tobirama Senju, Mū, Kakashi Hatake, and Orochimaru were able to master all five natures. Other methods of acquiring all five natures include:
- Possessing the Rinnegan.
- Awakening the Six Paths Sage Technique.
- Wielding the Bashōsen.
- Using Earth Grudge Fear to gather hearts with other chakra natures.
- In the anime, Fūka got them by stealing others' chakra, though due to the accumulated amounts surpassing one body's limits, she had to divide them in various combinations in multiple bodies.
- In Naruto Shippūden the Movie: The Will of Fire, it was stated one who absorbs five kekkei genkai with the Chimera Technique would gain a mastery over all five natures.
- In Naruto Shippūden: Dragon Blade Chronicles, Naruto gets the Dragon Blade, which allows him to use all five natures.
Combined Nature Transformations
Besides the five elemental nature transformations, there are several more combined nature transformations. By initiating more than one elemental chakra nature transformation simultaneously, one can create a completely new nature of chakra with unique properties, and is referred to as an "elementally-recomposed nature transformation". Doing this requires a special ability and such abilities are rarely seen outside a kekkei genkai or kekkei tōta. In the anime, it is stated that those with the ability to combine the elemental nature transformations possess an affinity for the chakra natures they must simultaneously activate.
In the manga, nine combined nature transformations have been shown:
- The Ice (氷, Kōri) nature, used by the Yuki clan, notably Haku, is created by simultaneously combining the Water and Wind natures. This nature allows for the use of Ice Release (氷遁, Hyōton) ninjutsu. Used through a kekkei genkai.
- The Wood (木, Ki) nature, used by Hashirama Senju and those who have his cells, is created by simultaneously combining the Earth and Water natures. This nature allows for the use of Wood Release (木遁, Mokuton) ninjutsu. Used through a kekkei genkai.
- The Lava (溶岩, Yōgan) nature, used by Son Gokū and its jinchūriki, as well as Mei Terumī, Kurotsuchi, Dodai and Kyūsuke, is created by simultaneously combining the Fire and Earth natures. This nature allows for the use of Lava Release (熔遁; 溶遁, Yōton).
- It is implied that the two ways of writing this nature (熔遁; 溶遁) are pointing out that they are different in some way. They are switched around and alternated throughout the plot, with Iwagakure and Kumogakure characters using the kanji "熔" and the Kirigakure character using the kanji "溶". However, the true purpose of this difference is unknown.
- The Storm (嵐, Arashi) nature, used by Darui and Madara Uchiha, is created by simultaneously combining the Lightning and Water natures. This nature allows for the use of Storm Release (嵐遁, Ranton) ninjutsu. Used through a kekkei genkai.
- The Boil (沸騰, Futtō) nature, used by Mei Terumī, as well as Kokuō and its jinchūriki, is created by simultaneously combining the Water and Fire natures. This nature allows for the use of Boil Release (沸遁, Futton) ninjutsu. Used through a kekkei genkai.
- The Dust (塵, Chiri) nature, used by Ōnoki and Mū, is created by simultaneously combining the Fire, Earth and Wind natures. This nature allows for the use of Dust Release (塵遁, Jinton) ninjutsu. Used through a kekkei tōta.
- The Explosion (爆発, Bakuhatsu) nature, used by Gari and Deidara, allows for the use of Explosion Release (爆遁, Bakuton) ninjutsu. This chakra nature is stated to be made of the earth nature, and hinted to be made of lightning nature.[Notes 1] Used through a kekkei genkai.
- The Scorching Heat (灼熱, Shakunetsu) nature, used by Pakura, allows for the use of Scorch Release (灼遁, Shakuton) ninjutsu. It is hinted to be created by simultaneously combining the Fire and Wind natures. Used through a kekkei genkai.
- The Magnetism (磁力, Jiryoku) nature, used by Toroi, the Third Kazekage, Rasa, Shukaku and its jinchūriki, is created by simultaneously combining the Wind and Earth natures. This nature allows for the use of Magnet Release (磁遁, Jiton) ninjutsu. Used through a kekkei genkai.
Non-Canon Chakra Nature Tranformations
In the anime and movies, four additional chakra nature tranformations have been shown:
- The Crystal (結晶, Kesshō) nature, used by Guren, is possibly created by simultaneously combining the Earth nature and another unspecified nature. This nature allows for the use of Crystal Release (晶遁, Shōton) ninjutsu.(Anime-only)
- The Dark (冥暗, Meian) nature, stolen by Hiruko, allows the use of Dark Release (冥遁, Meiton) ninjutsu. It is unknown what this nature entails. Used through a kekkei genkai.(Movie-only)
- The Steel (鋼, Hagane) nature, stolen by Hiruko, allows the use of Steel Release (鋼遁, Kōton) ninjutsu. It is unknown what this nature entails. Used through a kekkei genkai.(Movie-only)
- The Swift (迅速, Jinsoku) nature, stolen by Hiruko, allows the use of Swift Release (迅遁, Jinton) ninjutsu. It is unknown what this nature entails. Used through a kekkei genkai.(Movie-only)
Incorporating with Shape Transformation
Main article: Shape Transformation While nature transformation changes the actual nature of the chakra, shape transformation allows a ninja to change the actual shape and actions of the chakra, altering its abilities. Because of this, a technique like the Rasengan can be turned into the Wind Release: Rasengan or the Wind Release: Rasenshuriken, because of Wind Release being joined with the movement of chakra. The cutting nature of wind-natured chakra is used in conjunction with the form of millions of minuscule blades in a spiralling formation, resulting in a much more powerful technique, as seen when used against Kakuzu.
Yin and Yang
Aside from the five elemental nature transformations, there is also a sixth chakra transformation: the Yin (陰, In), the basis of imagination and spiritual energy, used to perform Yin Release (陰遁, Inton); and the Yang (陽, Yō), the basis of vitality and physical energy, used to perform Yang Release (陽遁, Yōton). Together, they are used to perform Yin–Yang Release (陰陽遁, Onmyōton). Yamato implied that the Yin and Yang are the source of non-elemental techniques such as the Shadow Imitation Technique, Multi-Size Technique, medical ninjutsu, genjutsu, etc.
The transformation of the Yin and Yang seemingly has to do with altering the amounts of and balance between spiritual and physical energy in chakra. As explained by Shikamaru Nara, Tayuya's spirit worms were forms of spiritual energy that have small amounts of physical energy, thus they require stability and feed upon the physical energy they lack. Shikamaru also mentioned that Tayuya was the same type of ninja as he is, being able to use such kinds of "special chakra" in battle, supporting the belief that the Nara clan's shadow-based techniques are also Yin and Yang-based.
- The concept of nature transformation parallels the real-life art, Onmyōdō (陰陽道; Literally meaning "The Way of Yin and Yang"), which is a mixture of natural sciences and occultism. It largely features Wu Xing and Yin and Yang.
- Techniques such as the Toad Oil Bullet and the Poison Mist mention "converting" or "kneading" chakra into materials or substances, but have never been mentioned to use certain chakra natures. Also, they cannot be combination nature transformations due to the fact that they are ranked, and therefore cannot be kekkei genkai.
- Certain other techniques involved in manipulating substances are also often confused to be chakra natures, such as silk, bone, and ink. However, these substances cannot be produced from chakra alone, meaning the chakra is not changed in nature, and it is rather used to change already-existing substances.
- In Naruto: Shippūden episode 63, Yamato told Naruto that no known shinobi has ever mastered all five elemental nature transformations. This was later proven incorrect as Hiruzen Sarutobi demonstrated such in chapter 662. However, Yamato's statement was anime-exclusive and made five years prior to the chapter's release.
- In episode 174, Kunihisa used something he called "Money Release Technique" (金遁の術, Kinton no Jutsu; English TV "Money Style Jutsu") which was used to simply buy whatever he wanted.
- The Yata Mirror was said to be imbued with all nature transformations to change its own characteristics to deflect any attack. Whether this means it contains combination nature transformations is unknown.
- There are ten possible outcomes when two elemental chakra natures merge to create a combined nature transformation. However, there are twelve nature transformations that are not elements and are used through a kekkei genkai.
- ↑ Since Earth Release is stated to be a component of Lava Release (along with Fire), Magnet Release (along with Wind), and Wood Release (along with Water), the only free slot for a combination with Earth Release is Lightning Release.
- ↑ Chapter 314, pages 11-12
- ↑ Chapter 321, pages 4-5
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 Chapter 315, page 13
- ↑ Third Databook, page 236
- ↑ Chapter 315, page 15
- ↑ Chapter 662, pages 6-7
- ↑ Fourth Databook
- ↑ Chapter 316, pages 4-7
- ↑ Naruto: Shippūden, episode 55
- ↑ Chapter 361, page 13
- ↑ Chapter 510, page 11
- ↑ Chapter 316, page 9
- ↑ Chapter 207, pages 8-9
- ↑ Third Databook, pages 274-275