The Mangekyō Sharingan (万華鏡写輪眼, Literally meaning: Kaleidoscope Copy Wheel Eye), noted to be the "heavenly eyes that see the truth of all of creation without obstruction" (天壌の理を掌握せし瞳, tenjō no kotowari wo shōaku seshi hitomi), is an advanced form of the Sharingan that has only been activated by a handful of Uchiha. It was also awakened by Kakashi Hatake — a non-Uchiha.
The Mangekyō Sharingan is awakened through the trauma experienced from the death of a person very close to the Sharingan user. With the user normally having to witness or experience this first hand, Uchiha throughout history have killed those closest to them in order to expedite this process. To obtain the Mangekyō Sharingan, one must feel the emotion of losing a friend or family, as merely killing them or watching them die will not activate it.
It is distinguished from a normal Sharingan by its appearance, which changes the form of the tomoe seal. Unlike the Sharingan, the appearance of the Mangekyō Sharingan differs from user to user with all known wielders of the dōjutsu having eyes that resemble variations of pinwheels; one variation is known as the "Straight Tomoe" (直巴, Choku Tomoe), which seems to grant the user fluidity in their movements when fighting.
The Mangekyō Sharingan drains a considerable amount of chakra and strains both the user's eyes and body, a drawback which affects a non-Uchiha even more so. Use of the dōjutsu gradually deteriorates the user's eyesight to the point of blindness, a harsh fate for those that have grown accustomed to the power and visual acuity it affords. Only by transplanting the eyes of another Uchiha can the user regain their sight and ocular powers. By transplanting the Mangekyō Sharingan of an Uchiha with strong blood ties to the recipient — ideally a sibling — an Eternal Mangekyō Sharingan (永遠の万華鏡写輪眼, Eien no Mangekyō Sharingan) can be created. This process takes several days for a complete recovery, and not only permanently restores the recipient's eyesight, but also bolsters their own ocular power with that of the donor's, signified by the intertwined appearance of their Mangekyō Sharingan's tomoe seals. Due to the compatibility issues and the Mangekyō Sharingan's rarity, not everyone can gain these benefits by transplanting the eyes of just any Uchiha, which has been the cause of many fruitless sacrifices throughout the Uchiha clan's history. Thus far, only Madara and Sasuke are known to have been successful in this endeavour.
Madara and Sasuke were able to evolve their Eternal Mangekyō Sharingan into the Rinnegan Madara did so after implanting the DNA of Hashirama Senju into himself, though the dōjutsu only awakened years after the implant, when Madara's natural lifespan was almost over. Sasuke awakened his once Hagoromo gave him half of his power.
Mangekyō Sharingan Variations
Itachi Uchiha gained the Mangekyō Sharingan by aiding his best friend, Shisui, in killing himself. With the Mangekyō Sharingan, Itachi was able to use at least three powerful techniques. With his "left Mangekyō" he could use Tsukuyomi, an extremely powerful genjutsu that allowed him to distort the victim's perception of time, torturing their psyche for what seemed like days in a matter of seconds. With his "right Mangekyō" he could use Amaterasu, a ninjutsu which creates virtually-inextinguishable black flames at the user's focal point that continue to burn until the target is reduced to ash. The last of these known techniques was Susanoo, which allowed Itachi to summon a massive ethereal warrior. This entity fights on behalf of Itachi and shields him from most attacks. According to Zetsu, when it is combined with the Yata Mirror and Sword of Totsuka it essentially made Itachi invincible. Itachi's Susanoo has three forms which it goes through: an incomplete skeletal form, a complete warrior-like form and a final form that resembles a yamabushi.
Use of the Mangekyō Sharingan put a great strain on Itachi's body and would quickly deplete his chakra reserves to the point that after using it three times in a day, he deactivated his eyes to their normal state. A clone containing 30% of his chakra couldn't use it once. By the time he battled Sasuke, his sight had been reduced to a large blur yet, having resolved himself to dying at the hands of his brother, he pushed past this limitation and used his Mangekyō Sharingan more than three times as well as other techniques. After being reincarnated by the Impure World Reincarnation technique, Itachi was able to use the Mangekyō Sharingan for extended periods of time without complaints of physical ailments, or deteriorating vision. Some time after his death, Sasuke took Itachi's Mangekyō Sharingan as his own, granting the former an Eternal Mangekyō Sharingan.
Kakashi Hatake's Mangekyō Sharingan awakened after the trauma of killing Rin Nohara with his own hands. Despite its awakening, Kakashi only began to use the Mangekyō during Part II of the series, whether he knew he possessed it beforehand is unknown. Regardless, with this dōjutsu Kakashi can use a space–time ninjutsu known as Kamui to create a barrier and send a target to the other dimension and afterwards teleport them back in a new location. The barrier requires considerable effort to aim with precision, leaving Kakashi's chakra significantly drained; especially considering that Kakashi is a non-Uchiha. Initially, he could only handle two uses in a single day, left crippled for over a week from a third use, and had poor control at aiming it. However, after much practice, he can now even control the size of it to only affect the target he chooses, and use precise aim to warp speeding targets. He can also use it twice in quick succession, without showing immediate chakra drain and fatigue, to counter Sasuke Uchiha's Susanoo arrows. By the time of the Fourth Shinobi World War, Kakashi became able to use it several more times in a single day, even with multiple other chakra-taxing techniques, and recover from an over-usage much quicker. His skill has grown to the point that he can use this technique on himself. Madara Uchiha eventually takes this eye from Kakashi in order to use it to warp into the other dimension to retrieve his remaining Rinnegan from Obito, and after retrieving it, Madara re-implants this eye into Obito, who was now being controlled by Black Zetsu.
After witnessing Rin Nohara dying at Kakashi's hands, Obito Uchiha awakened his Mangekyō Sharingan. As the two share the same pair of eyes, Obito's Mangekyō Sharingan also allows him to use Kamui, although his version differs from that of Kakashi's. Whereas Kakashi's version works on targets from a distance, Obito's version requires him to first make physical contact with a target besides himself and afterwards he can teleport the target back from the other dimension. In addition, Obito's version gives him a form of "intangibility", brought about by him teleporting portions of his body for short periods of time, no more than five minutes, to the other dimension in order to avoid damage or pass through obstacles. This also provides Obito immunity from Kakashi's Kamui being used directly against him since they both access the same dimensional space, though attacks being warped by Kamui to the other dimension can bypass Obito's intangibility. He can also combine the spatial distortion of the Kamui with his Fire Release techniques to create a massive vortex of flames.
During the Fourth Great Shinobi War, Madara Uchiha returned Kakashi's left eye to its original owner in Obito, restoring his complete set (albeit with Black Zetsu controlling Obito).
Madara Uchiha, along with his younger brother Izuna, were the first Uchiha to awaken the Mangekyō Sharingan. He eventually began to go blind from overusing it, and only by taking his younger brother's eyes did he regain his sight. This also gave him an Eternal Mangekyō Sharingan which granted him even greater power. His Eternal Mangekyō Sharingan looks like his original one, overlapping that of Izuna's.
Madara became one of the few to awaken Susanoo. Madara has multiple forms of Susanoo ranging from individual segments, a full-bodied form, and a "final" form that is gigantic and equal in power to that of a tailed beast. He could also use his Susanoo to shape it around tailed beasts to strengthen and protect it from Hashirama Senju's control.
In the Fourth Shinobi World War, Madara stole Kakashi's Sharingan as a temporary replacement for his own left eye. Inheriting the power of Kamui from it, Madara is able to teleport targets to and from the other dimension. Soon afterwards, Madara replaced this alternate eye with his own left Rinnegan.
Alongside his brother, Izuna Uchiha and Madara were the first two people in the clan to awaken the Mangekyō Sharingan. Madara later took Izuna's eyes to regain his deteriorating vision. There are many, and somewhat conflicting accounts of how Madara acquired the eyes; some note that Izuna willingly gave up his eyes for the Uchiha clan's sake, another implied that Madara took them by force.
Sasuke Uchiha awakened his Mangekyō Sharingan after learning the truth about his brother, Itachi; filled with grief from learning that Itachi was not the villain he imagined him to be and the role he played in his brother's death. The appearance of Sasuke's Mangekyō Sharingan is somewhat unique among those revealed thus far, which generally possess patterns centrifugally aligned along their pupils. His own spreads and converges along the edges of the irides, resulting in three intersecting ellipses that resemble an atom model.
Sasuke has been shown using the same Mangekyō Sharingan techniques as Itachi, but in an inverted manner. With his "right Mangekyō" he can use genjutsu to break a target's will and paralyse them. Danzō Shimura stated that Sasuke's genjutsu is not yet capable of altering the victim's perception of time, and thus is vastly inferior to Itachi's Tsukuyomi. With his "left Mangekyō" he can use Amaterasu. It has been implied that his skill with Amaterasu surpasses Itachi's, as he is able to use Blaze Release: Kagutsuchi with his "right Mangekyō" to apply Shape Transformation to the flames, as well as extinguish them at will. Sasuke has displayed the ability to use Susanoo, which he can even partially manifest to fit the situation, such as using a ribcage for defence or manifesting only an arm to interact with his surroundings. Sasuke's Susanoo develops in stages during various battles; he first starts using an incomplete version against the Fourth Raikage, develops a version capable of firing arrows while fighting with Danzō, and later forms a version almost identical to Itachi's during his battle with Kakashi. Sasuke's Susanoo appears more demonic than Itachi's.
Due to his high chakra reserves, Sasuke is able to use the Mangekyō Sharingan techniques more than three times a day. Sasuke can maintain Susanoo for extended periods of time, on top of using the Amaterasu and Tsukuyomi several times a day along with some other chakra-consuming techniques like the Chidori. Like with all other wielders, Sasuke's use of the Mangekyō Sharingan puts a great strain on Sasuke's body and eyes.
Initially, Sasuke refused to transplant Itachi's eyes to restore his vision even when it was reduced to a heavy blur at best, claiming that his views were different from Itachi's. However, after meeting Naruto again and being shocked at his determination to save Sasuke from his darkness, Sasuke decided to take Itachi's eyes so that he could kill Naruto with his full strength. His Eternal Mangekyō Sharingan takes the shape of his old Mangekyō Sharingan, but incorporates a straightened version of Itachi's Mangekyō Sharingan design into its centre. With his new eyes, the final form of his Susanoo takes on a more ghastly shape. According to Madara, the straight tomoe of the Mangekyō are somehow connected to Sasuke's agility, which led Madara to rule the eyes as fitting substitutes until his own eyes were returned to him.
Shisui Uchiha awakened his Mangekyō Sharingan at some point through unknown means. It granted him the ability to cast powerful genjutsu techniques, the most powerful of his genjutsu arsenal being Kotoamatsukami. This technique allowed him to manipulate an opponent's thoughts completely without them having the slightest idea that they were being controlled. Furthermore, this technique can be used without eye contact or even the need to uncover the eye if concealed. The only drawback of using that technique was the fact that it would render his Mangekyō unusable for quite some time.
A highly coveted ability, Shisui's right eye was stolen by Danzō Shimura while he was still alive. After replacing his own right eye with Shisui's and infusing some of Hashirama Senju's DNA into himself, Danzō was able to drastically reduce the timespan between each usage of this technique. Shisui entrusted his left eye to Itachi Uchiha and told him to protect the village and the clan's name; Itachi implanted it into a crow which he later stored inside Naruto Uzumaki. Shisui then made it appear as though he had crushed his own eyes in order to prevent a feud over them and erased his existence, though it was thought that he was drowned by Itachi in the Naka River. Both eyes are eventually destroyed, with Danzō crushing his before dying, and Itachi incinerating the crow after it came back out of Naruto.
Born with his father, Hagoromo Ōtsutsuki's, strong chakra and spiritual energy, Indra had his own dōjutsu, which would become a fully matured Sharingan. In addition to being one of the first to have the Sharingan, and the first to awaken the Mangekyō form, Indra also was the first person to wield the power of Susanoo. Much like some of his future descendants, Indra was able to form a large and complete body of the ethereal protector that he could hover inside.
Mangekyō Sharingan Forms
Anime-only Mangekyō Sharingan Forms
Eternal Mangekyō Sharingan Forms
- In the anime, in the fight against A, the internal intersection lines of Sasuke's Mangekyō Sharingan are replaced by a circle.
- In the anime, when Kakashi used his Mangekyō Sharingan to warp away Sasuke's Susanoo's arrows, the black and red colours became inverted.
- The manners in which an individual gains the Mangekyō Sharingan are almost parallel to how an Uchiha awakens their regular Sharingan for the first time, since both need intense emotions to awaken them.
- For unknown reasons, Obito Uchiha has shown no signs of deteriorating eyesight. In addition, he has shown no signs of exhaustion despite regular use of the Mangekyō Sharingan.
- According to Madara, only he and Sasuke have the "Straight Tomoe" variant of the Mangekyō Sharingan. The two are both Indra's reincarnations, the only ones who awakened the Eternal Mangekyō Sharingan and were able to awaken the Rinnegan as well.
- ↑ Third Databook, pages 274-275
- ↑ Naruto chapter 224, pages 7-8
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 Naruto chapter 605, page 4
- ↑ Naruto chapter 386, page 13
- ↑ Naruto chapter 657, page 8
- ↑ Naruto chapter 385, page 15
- ↑ Naruto chapter 386, pages 7-9
- ↑ Naruto chapter 488, page 17
- ↑ Naruto chapter 515, page 5
- ↑ Naruto chapter 560, page 16
- ↑ Naruto chapter 606, page 12
- ↑ Naruto chapter 550, page 11
- ↑ Naruto chapter 148, page 7
- ↑ Naruto chapter 278, pages 6-7
- ↑ Naruto chapter 276, page 10
- ↑ Naruto chapter 424, pages 16-17
- ↑ Naruto chapter 484, page 6
- ↑ Naruto chapter 608, pages 3-7
- ↑ Naruto chapter 674, pages 15-17
- ↑ Naruto chapter 676, page 2
- ↑ Naruto chapter 599, page 8
- ↑ 22.0 22.1 Naruto chapter 386, page 6
- ↑ 23.0 23.1 23.2 Naruto chapter 386, pages 7-8
- ↑ Naruto chapter 624, page 13
- ↑ Naruto chapter 386, page 9
- ↑ Naruto chapter 589, page 16
- ↑ Naruto chapter 589, page 7
- ↑ Naruto chapter 621, pages 5-7, 8, 9, 12, 13, 15
- ↑ Naruto chapter 626, pages 6-7
- ↑ Naruto chapter 674, page 17
- ↑ Naruto chapter 399, pages 3-4
- ↑ Naruto chapter 624, page 13
- ↑ Naruto chapter 408, page 4
- ↑ Naruto chapter 478, page 3
- ↑ Naruto chapter 550, page 9
- ↑ Naruto chapter 550, page 10
- ↑ Naruto chapter 550, page 12
- ↑ 38.0 38.1 Naruto chapter 590, page 6
- ↑ Naruto chapter 403, pages 2-8
- ↑ Naruto chapter 550, page 11
- ↑ Naruto chapter 482, page 13
- ↑ Naruto chapter 552, page 11
- ↑ Naruto: Shippūden episode 203
- ↑ Naruto: Shippūden episode 214