The Summoning Technique is a space–time ninjutsu that allows the summoner to transport animals or other things across long distances instantly.
One method involves just hand seals and blood. With this, before an animal summoning can be performed, a prospective summoner must first sign a contract with a given species. The contract comes in the form of a scroll, which is signed in the contractor's own blood and once signed is valid even after the contractors death. After this, they need only perform the hand seals, offer an additional donation of their own blood (biting the summoner's finger being the most common way to obtain blood), and use the same hand they signed the contract with to summon the creature. The amount of chakra used during the summoning determines how big the summoned creature can be. In the anime, it was shown that if a user attempts to summon an animal without first signing a contract, the user will be teleported to the home of the animal they have a natural affinity for.
It should be noted that anyone can summon a contracted animal as long as they have the blood from someone who has made a contract, the seal of the summoned creature, along with a source of sufficient chakra. An alternate form of summoning is to just use a scroll without any hand-signs.
While most summoners have only been shown capable of summoning one type of creature, Pain (through the Animal Path) has been seen summoning several different animals and even people. Pain does not provide a blood offering when performing a summon. Sasuke Uchiha has summoned snakes and hawks at different points, but unlike Pain he can apparently only summon one species at a time. The ability to perform a summoning can be removed with the Contract Seal.
When an animal is summoned it is transported from its place of residence to the summoner's location. Once summoned, the animal can perform a task or help the user in battle. The summon is not required to help the user, and may be more of a hindrance than an ally. In addition, summons are able to summon their summoner. They may also wear a forehead protector, suggesting a loyalty to only one village.
Summoning can serve as a base for other techniques, as is the case with Summoning: Food Cart Destroyer Technique and Summoning: Quick Beheading Dance. In these cases, summonings may not be restricted to creatures, as Orochimaru shows by summoning corpses and defences.
Items can be "summoned" from scrolls. Because the items are not summoned from anywhere, instead only being released from storage, no blood is needed and thus it is not a conventional summoning. Characters have on occasion been shown summoning weapons such as kunai and giant shuriken, sometimes without hand-signs.
- In real-life Japan, the term kuchiyose (口寄せ; Literally meaning "drawing in to speak") refers to the practice of allowing spirits — like those of the dead or kami — to possess one's body and speak through it.
- ↑ First Databook, page 182
- ↑ Official Fanbook, page 163
- ↑ Naruto chapter 477, page 9
- ↑ Naruto chapter 92, page 14
- ↑ Naruto chapter 530, page 16
- ↑ Naruto chapter 92, page 19
- ↑ Naruto: Shippūden 127
- ↑ Naruto chapter 363, page 10
- ↑ Naruto chapter 169, page 17
- ↑ Naruto chapter 64, page 3
- ↑ Naruto chapter 508, page 14
- ↑ Naruto chapter 185, page 3-4
- ↑ Naruto chapter 381, page 12